for the Spain they believed to be better:
Manuel Carrasco i Formiguera memorial in Barcelona
According to enacademic.com “Manuel Carrasco i Formiguera ( Barcelona, 1890 - Burgos, April 9, 1938) was a Spanish lawyer and Chrisitian democrat Catalan nationalist politician, in the twentieth century. As a youth a member of the Joventut Nacionalista of the Lliga Regionalista in 1920 he was elected councilor for the party in the municipal corporation of Barcelona. In 1922 he participated in the founding of Acció Catalana, and in that year created L'Estevet, a nationalist weekly newspaper which published cartoons critical of the dictatorship of Miguel Primo de Rivera resulting in the imprisonment of Carrasco.
In 1930 Carrasco was one of the signatories of the Pact of San Sebastian representing Acció Catalana. After the proclamation of the Republic in 1931, he was appointed Minister of Health and Welfare in the first government of the Generalitat, led by Francesc Macià. Some months later he was elected MP for Girona to the Constituent Cortes of the Republic, where he stressed his defense of the integrity of the Statute of Núria and religious freedom (strongly supporting the Catholic Church and religious orders and congregations). In 1932 he was expelled from Acció Catalana with other members of the Catholic sector and joined the Unió Democratica de Catalunya, which had been created shortly before. He soon emerged as one of the major party leaders, agreeing to its Governance Committee in 1933.
At the start of the Spanish Civil War in 1936, Carrasco remained loyal to the Republic without abandoning his democratic ideology. His mediation saved the lives of many who were being persecuted. These acts caused him to be the target of denunciations by journalists and being harassed by some factions of the anarchists and communists in Catalonia on the Republican side. This situation forced him to move to the Basque Country, where he collaborated with the government of lehendakari José Antonio Aguirre.
With the occupation by the rebel army of Guipúzcoa (February 1937), Carrasco decided to return to Catalonia where he was again harassed. He then decided to revert Vizcaya, still in the hands of the Republic, with his family, as a representative of the Catalan Generalitat with the Government of Euskadi. The last part of the journey by sea must elapse between Bayonne (France) and Bilbao. However, the freighter on which he was sailing was intercepted by the cruise Canarias (Battle of Cape Machichaco) and Carrasco was imprisoned. He was transferred to Burgos criminal and sentenced to death in a summary trial held on August 28, 1937 for the crime of "joining the rebellion".
The execution of the sentence was delayed eight months and took place on April 9, 1938, despite the efforts of the Vatican. According to various authors,s Carrasco's execution was personally ordered by Franco, in response to the protests of several foreign governments, including the Vatican, against Franco's aerial bombing of civilian targets (such the bombing of Barcelona that took was carried out on March 16, 17 and 18, publicly condemned by the Holy See through a informal note published on March 24 in l’Osservatore Romano. On September 25, 2005, the Spanish Congress of Deputies agreed on a proposal from Convergècia i Unió, to nullify the court martial that Carrasco had been subjected to.”
The Memorial to Manuel Carrasco i Formeguera, created by the artist Pep Admetlla, was inaugurated in 2003 in Barcelona. It consists of a stainless steel cube on an engraved stone floor. The following inscription is engraved on the floor:
"DIE RAUM / Catalunya / desitja, / anhela, / confia / avui / abraçar / estretament / tots els / germans / d’Espanya / dintre / un estat / basat en / llibertat / Barcelona a Manuel Carrasco i Formiguera / Barcelona 1890 – Burgos 1938 / Manuel Carrasco i Formiguera Maig 1931 / Pep Admetlla / Escultor, 2003"
These photos were taken in January 2020.