in Kiev: Babyn Yar Memorial Park
According to the official website of the Babyn Yar Holocaust Memorial Center “In September 1941, for the very first time in history, a metropolitan city in Europe lost virtually all of its Jewish inhabitants to premeditated murder. On the edge of Kyiv, in and near the ravine called Babyn Yar, more Jews were slaughtered in two days than in any other single German massacre.
Because of its unprecedented scale and speed, this massacre was a milestone. Babyn Yar has also become a symbol—of the Holocaust as a whole, of German criminality in the occupied Soviet Union, and of humanity’s capacity for mass murder.
On Sunday, September 28, a poster ordered every Jewish resident of Kyiv and the surrounding area to appear at a certain intersection the following day, and warned that disobedience carried the death penalty. No purpose was stated, but the occupiers spread a rumor that the Jews would be resettled.
All day on September 29, Jewish men, women, and children, along with non-Jewish spouses and other close friends and relatives, streamed toward the designated street corner, where they were told to keep on going. Upon reaching the cemeteries on the edge of town, they were divided into small groups, who, one by one, entered a vicious gauntlet of Germans bearing sub-machine guns who herded them into a cordoned off area. There, men who spoke Ukrainian forced them to remove most of their clothes. The Jews were sent into the ravine and were shot. When darkness fell, those Jews who had not yet been shot were pressed into garages, only to be shot the next day. According to Einsatzgruppen Report Number 106, dated October 7, 1941, Special Command 4a, with the staff company of Higher SS and Police Leader South Russia, and Police Battalions 45 and 303, in coordination with the Wehrmacht, shot 33,771 Jews on September 29-30, 1941 at Babyn Yar. The Babyn Yar massacre is the one mass Nazi shooting of Jews during the Holocaust that the general public outside Ukraine and Russia tends to have heard about. During the Holocaust in the “east” represented by Babyn Yar, the vast majority of Jews were slain in mass shootings, near their homes and within a short span of time—days, weeks, or at most months. In addition, Jews were killed through gassings, starvation, burning, beatings, or live burial.”
According to the same website “the Babyn Yar Holocaust Memorial Center primary mission is to respectfully commemorate the victims of the Babyn Yar tragedy and to promote the humanization of mankind through the memory preservation and study of the story of the Holocaust. In autumn 2019, an information center will open in Ukraine’s capital to tell about the history of mass executions in Babyn Yar and the progress of the construction of the Babyn Yar Holocaust Memorial Center in Kyiv.”
These photos were taken in April 2019 and show some views of the Memorial Park Babyn Yar in Kiev: the monument to the Victims of nazism, the monument to Soviet citizens and prisoners, the commemorative stele in sign of the Jewish community and cultural center “The Heritage”, the Cross in memory to Ukrainian poetess Olena Teliha and OUN members, executed in Babyn Yar, the Monument to the Hero of Ukraine Tetyana Marcus, the monument to the Children, executed in Babyn Yar, the Alley of Martyr, the Gypsy Vardo in memory to Roma murdered in Babyn Yar, the Monument to clergymen, executed in Babyn Yar, the Menorah-shaped monument to the Jews massacred in Bayn Yar and the Alley of righteous.